Coronavirus Update

Merchants Trust- Final Results 2021

This content has been sourced from: https://www.investegate.co.uk/merchants-trust.--mr...

MANAGEMENT REPORT

 

Chairman's Statement

 

When I wrote to shareholders a year ago for the 2020 annual report, we were just beginning a journey into the unknown resulting from the burgeoning global pandemic. We already knew then that the virus itself, and the measures to control it, were likely to be a threat to financial stability and to have a huge impact on economic activity. It also looked likely that there would be significant impact on companies in many industries. That has indeed been the way the year has played out and we now find ourselves reporting on a year where superlatives seem trite and do no justice to what we have all experienced. In addition to the economic impact, in human terms, the cost to physical and mental wellbeing across society has also been dramatic.

 

The second quarter of the year saw the largest recorded fall in UK GDP, followed by massive stimulus from governments across the globe to buoy faltering economies. The year saw volatile markets with huge early market falls as the pandemic took hold, followed by a strong subsequent bounce-back.

 

In addition to pronounced market volatility, there could have been additional strains on the investment manager's operating systems and processes. Especially during the early weeks of the pandemic, the board was focused on how the manager was responding to staff working from home and the 'virtual office' and the need to protect shareholder interests made this a priority for our risk agenda. Volatility provided both a challenge but also an opportunity for Merchants and our manager reports in some detail how the investment portfolio was repositioned during the year.

 

By the middle of the year shareholders will recall we were reporting on a period of underperformance as the first half of the year had been particularly difficult for the company. We started 2020 with a marginally pro-cyclical leaning in the portfolio post-election and gearing in the portfolio amplified negative returns in a falling market. By the year end, the situation had significantly improved. While there is still underperformance against the benchmark, the gap has narrowed considerably. This improved performance came partly as a result of improving economic conditions - I will stop short of calling it a recovery yet due to the current fragility and sensitivity to 'events' - and partly due to active repositioning of the portfolio by our investment manager.

 

It was also a challenging year for income, with many companies cutting or postponing dividends either as a result of their own prudence given the uncertain environment, or under direction from the Government. However, prospects improved in the second half, as many companies had responded pro-actively to the downturn and focused on strengthening balance sheets, and many re-started dividend payments.

A year of contrasting performance

As described above this was a year of contrast between market falls and volatility in the first half of the year and signs of economic stabilisation with rapid market recovery in the second half.

 

For the year under review the trust's Net Asset Value total return with debt at market value (NAV) fell by 12.4% compared with a 7.5% decrease in our benchmark, the FTSE All-Share index, on a total return basis. Approximately half of the difference is accounted for by the gearing of the portfolio, which exacerbates market movements, in either direction.  The board believes that over the long term, a prudent level of gearing should add value and enhance income for shareholders. 

 

Whilst the near 5% underperformance for the 2021 financial year is disappointing, it should be viewed in the context of an extremely strong 2020 financial year where the NAV total return was 8% above the benchmark, and also in terms of the strong recovery in the second half of 2020. There are more details on the performance of the portfolio in the attribution table on page 12 of the Annual Report.

 

Pleasingly, against this background demand for our shares remained strong throughout the year and we were able to issue 8,106,423 new shares, or 7.2% of the issued capital, in aggregate during periods when the trust was trading at a premium to Net Asset Value. Since the year end, a further 1,575,000 new shares were issued.

 

A full investment report containing an analysis of the company's performance is shown on page 40 of the Annual Report, and the portfolio performance attribution is explained by our investment manager Simon Gergel from page 13 of the Annual Report. I would also encourage you to read the interesting stock stories that have been included to further illustrate some of the key themes.

 

A question of style

In a very challenging year, the investment manager has continued to follow a consistent and disciplined value-based investment approach, looking only for quality companies with solid prospects, on reasonable valuations. The market has for several years favoured so-called growth companies, leading to what the investment manager notes is an extreme polarisation in valuations. However, this disciplined investment style has enabled our investment manager to deliver positive stock selection results above the benchmark return, over the medium and long term, in a period where their style has been out of favour.

 

The continuing structural preference by investors for growth stocks over value stocks has provided both tailwinds and headwinds for the portfolio - in a positive sense there are more opportunities that the manager is able to find where the valuation does not reflect the intrinsic value of the company. On the negative side this style bias means that stocks may be slower to make progress towards a fair valuation, if indeed they can attain that at all under such conditions, and the valuation polarisation in the market remained high at the year end.

 

Income remains in sharp focus

As noted, the year saw a large number of dividend cuts in the market and this has inevitably impacted earnings per share which are down more than a third to 18.5p. The board recognises the importance of a growing dividend to shareholders. We can see a path to a covered dividend in the medium term. Absent any significant further deterioration in the outlook for income, the board plans to continue with its progressive dividend policy, and is willing to consider utilising reserves, built up over many years, to cover any shortfall from earnings. We propose a final quarterly dividend for shareholder approval of 6.8p which means for 2020 an increased full-year dividend of 27.2p. This includes a contribution from reserves of 9.9p, leaving 18.3p in reserves at the year end. Whilst this dividend represents a nominal increase of 0.4% over the 2019 dividend of 27.1p, close to but not in excess of the 2020 rate of inflation, we have now grown the dividend for 39 consecutive years at an annualised growth rate of just under 7%, well above the rate of inflation over that period which stands at 3.4% annually as measured by the Consumer Prices Index (CPI).

 

The ability to accumulate revenue reserves for use in just such a 'rainy day' remains one of the key features of an investment trust and one that the board is happy to consider using prudently on behalf of shareholders.

 

We are very pleased therefore to, once again, retain our AIC Dividend Hero status. 2021 has seen us continue to provide one of the highest yields in our peer group as part of an attractive total return for investors. We remain as focused on dividends as you are.

 

Recognition and demand…

We continue to receive generally positive coverage from investment analysts and in the media for the trust. The year has not been fully plain sailing in that respect though. Towards the middle of the year there was some negative commentary surrounding Merchants' investment approach and associated prospects given widespread dividend cuts. The investment manager made efforts to redress this in interviews with the press, giving a more optimistic view with a wider time horizon. As we saw dividends start to return towards the end of the period this started to sit better with the manager's own outlook, which had remained consistent throughout.

 

In the period we were awarded an AIC Shareholder Communications Award for last year's Annual Report. We hope that shareholders feel this year's report is as informative. We are also pleased to see that Merchants reached number four on the AIC's "Top 20 most viewed investment companies in 2020" list on www.theaic.co.uk .

 

We continue to believe that this recognises the positive performance that has been generated over the long term together with a high and rising dividend that is a key attraction for investors.

 

…leads to share issuance and the opportunity to grow

We have once again been in a position to issue new shares over the year. As I described last year there is advantage to be had from increasing the scale of the trust, not least from fixed costs being spread over a NAV. As scale increases, so does the attractiveness of the trust's shares to professional investors, who value liquidity in the company's shares. As issuance can only take place at a premium to NAV, it also adds value incrementally to NAV on each issuance to the additional benefit of all shareholders.

 

Through the year the company raised £32m with the issuance of new shares.

 

Due to the continuing demand we are seeing, as in previous years your board and investment manager will be seeking shareholder authority to issue up to 10% more shares in the coming year.

 

Gearing

Shareholders will be aware that the board of Merchants holds the view that an element of gearing of the trust can enhance investment returns and increase dividend generation and that this is consistent with a long-term investment horizon. The debt structure is now a mix of short-, medium- and long-term debt, giving a more flexible profile to the debt structure which our managers can use as needed.

 

In January 2020, the decision was made to reduce gearing to 15%. This was undertaken as a prudent measure as markets had had a very strong run and proved a worthwhile exercise in hindsight as it removed some of the amplification from gearing when markets fell throughout the first half of 2020. The gearing level ended the year higher at 16.8% due to the overall reduction in asset value of the portfolio however it remains within the range the board are comfortable with and we feel appropriately positioned given the market outlook.

 

Strategy

Our annual strategy day takes a more in-depth look at the matters we consider at each board meeting, including our objectives and key performance indicators and this took place towards the end of the year under review. The Strategic Report can be found on page 41 of the Annual Report. We reviewed the investment philosophy, including the value style of investing, and once again found this to be appropriate for our objectives. We examined the structure of the portfolio and style exposures in detail. This year we spent additional time discussing sources of income in the portfolio and alternatives available, including considering a limited amount of investment outside of the UK. The board has decided to allow the fund manager to invest up to 10% of the portfolio into shares listed overseas, in order to provide a greater diversification of investment opportunities and income, at a time when the opportunity for higher yielding shares in the UK market is more concentrated than usual, The reason we want to place additional focus here as a board is to understand the potential viability of all sources of income in a post COVID world as well as reviewing our policy towards income generation for our shareholders as a long-standing AIC dividend hero.

 

The integration of ESG within the investment process is a key component and we are pleased to report that the Merchants portfolio and investment process has received an IESG (Integrated ESG) rating from AllianzGI's internal ESG oversight team. In short this means that all ESG risks are being fully considered within the investment process. This is covered by Simon Gergel in his report on page 25 of the Annual Report.

 

From a sales and marketing perspective the pandemic has highlighted the importance of a digital strategy and we considered various digital opportunities including the use of social media. Our strategy for distribution via wealth managers and retail investment platforms remains fit for purpose.

 

Post-Brexit arrangements

As we have mentioned previously, the FCA's Temporary Permissions Regime following Brexit will in due course end. We would like to assure our shareholders that the board and AllianzGI are discussing the ways in which the company might organise its contractual relationships in order that we discharge our regulatory responsibilities and our outsourced arrangements such as portfolio management, distribution, financial reporting and custody. We will be sure to update shareholders on any new arrangements in due course.

 

Board

Our board meetings have been virtual since March last year. We welcomed Karen McKellar to the board last May and her experience as a director of the company has been exceptional since there have been no in-person board or shareholder meetings since then. Karen answers a few questions about her background and experience on page 9 of the Annual Report. The board effectiveness review conducted since the year end examined the impact of the pandemic on boardroom behaviour and experience. More details are reported on page 7 of the Annual Report

 

Annual General Meeting

In view of the current remaining restrictions in place on travel and meetings, as last year, the Annual General Meeting of the company to be held on Thursday 13 May 2021 will be held as a closed meeting and shareholders will not be able to attend in person. We are proposing a change to the Articles to permit hybrid or virtual only shareholder meetings in future. There is further information about this on pages 58 and 107 of the Annual Report. The board will always hold physical shareholder meetings when possible, however these provisions may be used when physical meetings are not possible (such as in the current pandemic circumstances) and the board will consider shareholders' best interests before deciding to hold such a hybrid or virtual-only meeting.

 

To give you the opportunity to communicate with the board and investment managers you are invited to view a video presentation which will be posted on the website www.merchantstrust.co.uk two weeks before the AGM and send any questions for the board and manager care of the company secretary at investment-trusts@allianzgi.com or in writing to the registered office (further details are available on page 57 of the Annual Report) and we will publish questions and answers on the website. We encourage all shareholders to exercise their votes in advance of the meeting by completing and returning the form of proxy.

 

Given that restrictions should be relaxed in the next few months we would ideally like to ensure the year does not pass without the opportunity to once again greet shareholders in person. Should this opportunity present itself then we will aim to create a shareholder event in the Autumn or at such time that the presiding rules and safety factors allow.

 

Outlook

Last year I signed off by noting the impact of the pandemic was a very present shadow. Unfortunately, a year on, while there is some light at the end of the tunnel, we are not yet completely free of that shadow. We are seeing the signs of recovery and advancing vaccination programmes will undoubtedly spur that along. However, we have already seen the demonstration of how setbacks can occur, particularly with emerging mutant strains of the virus.

 

Even as the recovery progresses, many factors will be in play - enlarged government debt may require taxes to be raised, economic stimulus will not simply be quickly removed and increasing inflation is also a possibility. The road ahead is unlikely to be smooth.

 

We have at least seen an end to uncertainty surrounding post-Brexit trading agreements with the EU - some finer points are still manifesting themselves, but the main elements of the relationship are clear in outline and give the markets much needed clarity. Uncertainty can have a much more negative impact on markets than the actual trade arrangements ever would have done regardless of direction once the market can digest. The hope is that in time this will make the UK more investible once again, and therefore drive a re-rating of many undervalued stocks.

 

From an investment perspective we remain focused on the long term. Although the early '20s' will likely live in our minds for a long time, we hope that in investment terms we will be able to see the period as a temporary blip and on that basis our investment manager continues the core task of seeking out strong, structurally well positioned companies, paying above-average dividend yields, and trading on attractive valuations.

 

LISTED EQUITY HOLDINGS as at 31 January 2021

 

 

 

% of listed

 

Name

 Value (£)

holdings

Principal Activities

 

 

 

 

GSK

37,735,322

5.9

Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology

Imperial Brands

31,752,000

5.0

Tobacco

British American Tobacco

30,428,375

4.8

Tobacco

SSE

25,599,000

4.0

Electricity

Royal Dutch Shell B

24,213,783

3.8

Oil, Gas & Coal

BP

24,075,173

3.8

Oil, Gas & Coal

Barclays

23,369,500

3.7

Banks

BAE Systems

22,152,613

3.4

Aerospace & Defence

National Grid

21,462,500

3.4

Gas, Water & Multiutilities

St. James's Place

20,527,500

3.2

Investment Banking & Brokerage

Top Ten Holdings

261,315,766

41.0

 

 

 

 

 

Tate & Lyle

 20,141,550

3.2

Food Producers

WPP

 19,719,350

3.1

Media

Vodafone Group

 18,750,460

2.9

Telecommunications Service Providers

Tyman

 18,444,200

2.9

Construction & Materials

Legal & General

 18,422,000

2.9

Life Insurance

IG Group Holdings

 18,295,310

2.9

Investment Banking & Brokerage

Redrow

 15,776,250

2.5

Household Goods & Home Construction

BHP

 15,325,277

2.4

Industrial Metals & Mining

Man Group

 13,964,973

2.1

Investment Banking & Brokerage

DCC

 12,686,800

2.0

Industrial Support Services

Keller

 12,648,000

2.0

Construction & Materials

Stock Spirits Group

 12,620,800

2.0

Beverages

Meggitt

 12,396,875

1.9

Aerospace & Defence

SThree

 12,007,971

1.9

Industrial Support Services

Entair

 11,660,266

1.8

Travel & Leisure

PZ Cussons

 11,385,000

1.8

Personal Care, Drug & Grocery Stores

Bellway

 11,157,750

1.7

Household Goods & Home Construction

Inchcape

 10,906,000

1.7

Industrial Support Services

ITV

 10,378,200

1.6

Media

Conduit Holdings

 10,004,000

1.6

Non-Life Insurance

BT Group

 9,792,900

1.5

Telecommunications Service Providers

DFS Furniture

 9,683,133

1.5

Retailers

Landsec

 8,928,093

1.4

Real Estate Investment Trusts

Diversified Gas & Oil

 7,935,000

1.2

Oil, Gas & Coal

Morgan Advanced

 7,656,484

1.2

Electronic & Electrical Equipment

Standard Life Aberdeen

 7,374,672

1.2

Investment Banking & Brokerage

Close Brothers Group

 7,332,000

1.1

Banks

Kin and Carta

 6,904,747

1.1

Software & Computer Services

Next

 6,570,500

1.0

Retailers

CRH

 4,986,300

0.8

Construction & Materials

Norcros

 4,487,230

0.7

Construction & Materials

Hammerson

 3,516,970

0.6

Real Estate Investment Trusts

Antofagasta

 3,287,850

0.5

Industrial Metals & Mining

M&G

 1,767,795

0.3

Investment Banking & Brokerage

Total Listed Equities

638,230,472

100.0

 

 

 

UNLISTED EQUITY HOLDINGS as at 31 January 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

% of unlisted

 

Name

 Value (£)

holdings

Principal Activities

 

 

 

 

Fintrust Debenture*

4,486

100.0

Financial Services

Total Unlisted Equities

4,486

100.0

 

 

Written Call Options

As at 31 January 2021, the market value of the open option positions was £(53,365) (2020: £(28,300)), resulting in an underlying exposure to 3.12% of the portfolio (valued at strike price).

 

*The company was the lender of the company's Fixed Rate Interest Loan 2023 which was repaid during the prior year. More details are available in Note 9 on page 89 of the Annual Report.

 
 

INCOME STATEMENT

for the year ended 31 January 2021

 

Revenue

£

 

Capital

£

 

Total Return

£

 

 

 

 

 

Note C

Losses gains on investments held at fair value through profit or loss

-

 

(86,683,559)

 

(86,683,559)

Gains on foreign currencies

-

 

1,466

 

1,466

Income

24,909,267

 

-

 

24,909,267

Investment management fee

(703,149)

 

(1,305,847)

 

(2,008,996)

Administration expenses

(1,059,261)

 

(2,069)

 

(1,061,330)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) before finance costs and taxation

23,146,857

 

(87,990,009)

 

(64,843,152)

Finance costs: interest payable and similar charges

(1,222,439)

 

(2,180,161)

 

(3,402,600)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit (loss) on ordinary activities before taxation

21,924,418

 

(90,170,170)

 

(68,245,752)

Taxation

(76,612)

 

-

 

(76,612)

Profit (loss) after taxation attributable to ordinary shareholders

21,847,806

 

(90,170,170)

 

(68,322,364)

Earnings (loss) per ordinary share (basic and diluted)

18.51p 

 

(76.38p)

 

(57.87p)

 

 

BALANCE SHEET

at 31 January 2021

 

 

£

 

£

Fixed assets

 

 

 

 

Investments held at fair value through profit or loss

 

 

 

638,234,958

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other receivables

 

 4,043,194 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 6,623,461 

 

 

 

 

 10,666,655 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

Other payables

 

(27,427,472)

 

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

(53,365)

 

 

 

 

(27,480,837)

 

 

Net current liabilities

 

 

 

(16,814,182)

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets less current liabilities

 

 

 

621,420,776

Creditors: amounts falling due after more than one year

 

 

 

(66,703,372)

Total net assets

 

 

 

554,717,404

 

 

 

 

 

Capital and Reserves

 

 

 

 

Called up share capital

 

 

 

 30,246,222 

Share premium account

 

 

 

 84,137,103 

Capital redemption reserve

 

 

 

 292,853 

Capital reserve

 

 

 

417,939,055

Revenue reserve

 

 

 

22,102,171

Equity shareholders' funds

 

 

 

554,717,404

 

 

 

 

 

Net asset value per ordinary share

 

 

 

458.5p

 

 

 

 

INCOME STATEMENT

for the year ended 31 January 2020

 

Revenue

£

 

Capital

£

 

Total Return

£

 

 

 

 

 

Note C

Gains on investments at fair value through profit or loss

 

80,844,082

 

80,844,082

Gains on foreign currencies

 

21,069

 

21,069

Income

 

-

 

36,236,313

Investment management fee

 

(1,540,251)

 

(2,369,618)

Administration expenses

 

(1,495)

 

(856,984)

 

 

 

 

 

Profit before finance costs and taxation

34,551,457

 

79,323,405

 

113,874,862

Finance costs: interest payable and similar charges

 

(15,610,679)

 

(17,495,244)

 

 

 

 

 

Profit on ordinary activities before taxation

32,666,892

 

63,712,726

 

96,379,618

Taxation

 

-

 

(23,656)

Profit after taxation attributable to ordinary shareholders

32,643,236

 

63,712,726

 

96,355,962

Earnings per ordinary share (basic and diluted)

(Note B)

29.67p

 

57.90p

 

87.57p

 

 

 

BALANCE SHEET

at 31 January 2020

 

 

£

 

£

Fixed assets

 

 

 

 

Investments held at fair value through profit or loss

 

 

 

704,446,268

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other receivables

 

4,307,985

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

10,546,075

 

 

 

 

14,854,060

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

Other payables

 

(30,086,079)

 

 

Derivative financial instruments

 

(28,300)

 

 

 

 

(30,114,379)

 

 

Net current liabilities

 

 

 

(15,260,319)

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets less current liabilities

 

 

 

689,185,949

Creditors: amounts falling due after more than one year

 

 

 

(66,651,713)

Total net assets

 

 

 

622,534,236

 

 

 

 

 

Capital and Reserves

 

 

 

 

Called up share capital

 

 

 

28,219,616

Share premium account

 

 

 

54,092,585

Capital redemption reserve

 

 

 

292,853

Capital reserve

 

 

 

508,109,225

Revenue reserve

 

 

31,819,957

Equity shareholders' funds

 

 

 

622,534,236

 

 

 

 

 

Net asset value per ordinary share

 

 

 

551.5p

 

 

 

 

STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

 

For the year ended 31 January

 

 

Called up

Share

Capital

£

 

Share Premium Account

£

 

Capital Redemption Reserve

£

 

 

Capital

Reserve

£

 

 

Revenue

Reserve

£

 

Total Shareholders Funds

£

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets at 1 February 2020

28,219,616

54,092,585

292,853

508,109,225

31,819,957

622,534,236

Revenue profit

-

-

-

-

21,847,806

21,847,806

Dividends on ordinary shares

-

-

-

-

(31,612,732)

(31,612,732)

Unclaimed dividends

-

-

-

-

47,140

47,140

Capital loss

-

-

-

(90,170,170)

-

(90,170,170)

Shares issued during the year

2,026,606

30,044,518 

-

 - 

-

32,071,124

Net assets at 31 January 2021

30,246,222

84,137,103

292,853

417,939,055

22,102,171

554,717,404

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets at 1 February 2019

27,182,116

33,717,572

292,853

 444,396,499 

 28,337,693 

 533,926,733 

Revenue profit

-

-

-

-

32,643,236

32,643,236

Dividends on ordinary shares

-

-

-

-

(29,160,972)

(29,160,972)

Capital profit

-

-

-

63,712,726

-

63,712,726

Shares issued during the year

1,037,500

20,375,013

-

-

-

21,412,513

Net assets at 31 January 2020

28,219,616

54,092,585

292,853

508,109,225

31,819,957

622,534,236

 

 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOW STATEMENT

For the year ended 31 January

 

 

 

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

£

 

£

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

(Loss) profit before finance costs and taxation*

 

 

(64,843,152)

 

113,874,862

Less: Losses (gains) on investments held at fair value

 

 

87,838,052

 

(80,003,262)

Less: Gains on foreign currency

 

 

(1,466)

 

(21,069)

Purchase of fixed asset investments held at fair value through profit or loss

 

 

(266,727,521)

 

(183,903,663)

Sales of fixed asset investments held at fair value through profit or loss

 

 

242,385,324

 

184,945,332

Transaction costs

 

 

(1,154,493)

 

(840,820)

Increase in other receivables

 

 

(562,908)

 

(1,004,094)

(Decrease) increase in other payables

 

 

(68,114)

 

155,284

Less: Overseas tax suffered

 

 

(76,612)

 

(23,656)

Net cash (outflow) inflow from operating activities

 

 

(3,210,890)

 

33,178,914

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

 

 

(3,345,812)

 

(6,040,184)

Repayment of Fixed Rate Interest Loan 2023

 

 

 - 

 

(42,000,000)

Premium paid on Fixed Rate Interest Loan 2023

 

 

 - 

 

(13,603,800)

Proceeds from Revolving Credit Facility

 

 

 - 

 

42,000,000

Repayment of Revolving Credit Facility

 

 

 - 

 

(16,000,000)

Dividends paid on cumulative preference stock

 

 

(42,997)

 

(42,997)

Dividends paid on ordinary shares

 

 

(31,612,732)

 

(29,160,972)

Unclaimed dividends over 12 years

 

 

 47,140 

 

-

Share issue proceeds

 

 

 34,241,211 

 

21,412,513

Share issue proceeds receivable

 

 

 - 

 

(2,170,087)

Net cash outflow from financing activities

 

 

(713,190)

 

(45,605,527)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(3,924,080)

 

(12,426,613)

Cash and cash equivalents at the start of the year

 

 

 10,546,075 

 

22,951,619

Effect of foreign exchange rates

 

 

 1,466 

 

21,069

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year

 

 

 6,623,461 

 

10,546,075

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprising:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

6,623,461

 

10,546,075

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Cash inflow from dividends was £23,099,828 (2020: £34,785,104) and cash inflow from interest was £5,357 (2020: £161,352).